Chronic Kidney Disease
Kidney disease happens when there is damage to the kidneys that causes the kidney to not work well.
Kidney damage often happens slowly over time. People may not know their kidneys are damaged until lots of damage has already happened. When kidneys stop working, your body is faced with a build-up of water and waste. Without treatment, kidney disease can lead to kidney failure which can cause death.
The amount of damage to your kidneys is categorized by five stages.
When you visit your doctor for a check up and have urine and blood tests done, the test results will let your doctor know how your kidneys are doing.
Your doctor will determine your kidney health and if they need to start a treatment plan for you or refer you to the Manitoba Renal Program for specialized care. They can also work with you to manage your concerns and risk factors when it comes to kidney health in general.
Stage 5 chronic kidney failure is also referred to as end–stage kidney disease, where there is total or near–total loss of kidney function. As CKD progresses through the five stages, it eventually leads to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life.
Le stade 5 correspondant à l’insuffisance rénale est également appelé maladie rénale au stade terminal, dans lequel cas il y a perte totale ou presque totale de fonction rénale. À mesure que progresse la maladie rénale chronique (MRC) d’un stade à l’autre, celle-ci conduit éventuellement à l’insuffisance rénale, qui nécessite la dialyse ou une greffe pour maintenir le patient en vie. Un examen périodique des reins et un traitement approprié, notamment si votre risque est élevé, peuvent empêcher la MRC de s’aggraver. La prise de médicaments et la modification du style de vie peuvent contribuer à votre prise en charge de la maladie et à votre mieux-être.
The earlier chronic kidney disease is diagnosed and treated, the more opportunity there is to delay or prevent end-stage kidney disease and dialysis. Treatment for different stages of kidney disease may include: